Short abstracts and links to papers and slides of selected work.
(2018) Persona recovery as a primary pragmatic process in the interpretation of implicit content. Paper presented at the 92nd Annual Meeting of the Linguistics Society of America. January 4-6, Salt Lake City, Utah
Hearers recover a speaker’s persona from linguistic and extra-linguistic cues, and then use the ideological associations drawn from this to retrieve missing content in political slogans.
(2017) The relationship between iconicity as motor-sensory analogy and social meaning: Evidence from creaky voice. Paper presented at New Ways ofAnalyzing Variation 46. November 2-4, Madison, Wisconsin.
Looking at the possible perceptuomotor analogies (or proto-iconic meaning) for creaky voice may shed light on how certain vocal qualities get used for stance/affect work micro-interactionally, and how these ideologically map to macro social categories. I use data which shows creak taken up in moments of “expressive tempering”, and a correlation between creak use and class identity in a small cohort of middle-class British speakers.
(2017) Bringing social meaning into ideophone and iconicity research.
Invited talk at Workshop in Mimetics II: New approaches to old questions. November 11 Nanzan University, Japan
Analyzing ideophone loss through the lens of social meaning helps to unpack potential cross-linguistic ideologies towards iconicity and/or expressive language. I consider how ideophones come to be socially “marked” in colonial contexts through a survey of western thought on representation, performance and mimesis. Ideophones then become markers of social identity, linking speakers (in colonial contexts) to more rural or old-fashioned social practices. Ideophones as identity markers can then motivate language change in two ways: ideophone loss or de-ideophonization. I use the example of Zulu and Iscamtho to illustrate this.
(2017) “As if” vs “as was”: Quotatives, expressivity and interpretation.Paper presented at Semfest 18, March 17, Stanford University.
“As was” quotatives (say) can be used in contrast with “as if” quotatives (be like) to structure the affective impact and interpretation of narratives. Zero quotatives can then be taken up once a character is established, offering “direct access” to a character’s attitudinal/affective stance without the interference of an “explicit” narrator. In this way, they are an example of how the voice and body can be used as long distance referential anchors, tracking disparate characters.